Virtual vegan potluck: Sidekick-good[boy/girl]-biscuits

November 16, 2013

Yay, potluck time! Welcome!

The virtual vegan potluck home

Yowsers, Keepin’ it kind… what a tough act to follow!

This is not exactly the kind of side dish that you are probably anticipating. I wanted to take part in the VVP, but struggled to think of a VVP-worthy dish. I decided to create a “side” dish for my trusty four legged sidekicks that help inspire me daily to try make the world a better place for all animals (human and non-human).

You can sneak one over the side of the table while you are enjoying all the other lovely VVP dishes you have made… I know it should not be encouraged, but it is a special occasion – we do not have a potluck like this every day.

“A well-trained dog will make no attempt to share your lunch. He will just make you feel so guilty that you cannot enjoy it.” – Helen Thomson

yummmnummmnumm peanut butter cookie.  I am a good boy, gimme a cookie!

Jake using his Jedi mind tricks to get the biscuits to him

I have included beetroot pulp in this recipe, since I am sure we are going to have many wonderful beetroot juice recipes and you will have lots of pulp left over, and instead of feeding your worm-farm or chucking it on the compost heap, you can use it as an ingredient in this recipe.

It is also a healthy and affordable way of creating some treats for all of your hunny-bunny-fluffy-fur-kids.

(It is scary to see what rubbish ingredients are included in commercial dog biscuits!)

I have made this in many variations, depending on what I have available at home.

The ratios may change, depending on the ingredients, but the 4 ingredients that are always included are:

  • Flour
  • Peanut butter
  • Molasses
  • Apple sauce

The rest of the ingredients depend on what I have available at home, sometimes I may use the pulp left over after juicing, leftover beans, if I was a bit over enthusiastic at soaking and cooking a batch of beans to be used for the week, sometimes I use flour that may be close to the expiry date… hopefully you get the idea – you can really just wing-it.

Basic guidelines

Makes approximately 50 bite sized biscuits

2 – 3 cups flour (for this batch, I used rice flour)

2 – 4 cups pulp (in this case beetroot pulp)

1 cup peanut butter

1 heaped tablespoon of peanut butter (optional)

1 cup apple sauce

2 – 3 tablespoons sweetener (molasses/syrup)

Water – depending on consistency

Ingredients

Beetroot pulp and peanut butter (just peanuts – the way it should be – so delicious!)

Optional ingredients

Replace some/all of the flour with oats, dash of salt, dried herbs or spices (just to make it smell a bit more interesting, I love cinnamon, so it is often added)

Directions

  1. Preheat the oven to 180 °C/350 °F
  2. Prepare a couple of baking trays – I use the Silpat sheets so I do not grease the baking surface – you may need to, depending on the baking trays that you are using
  3. In a bowl, mix all the dry ingredients (flour/pulp)
  4. The optional heaped tablespoon is for you to snack on, while making the biscuits – this is the point where you may start snacking on the huge lump of fabulous peanut butter
  5. In a blender, add the peanuts/peanut butter, applesauce and sweetener. Blend until it is all combined and a think consistency formed
  6. Combine all the ingredients in the bowl
  7. At this stage, you can add any optional ingredients you want to include
  8. Mix all of it until it forms a stiff cookie dough consistency

    See the lumps of peanut butter… the magic ingredient

  9. Put flour on your work surface (see my tip about how to do this if you are not a pro (like me))
  10. Take some of the dough and roll it out into a square – about 50mm/2in thick
  11. Cut the cookies into the desired shape (see tip) and then spread on the baking trays. You can pack it closely, they do not spread much when baking
  12. Bake for 20 – 25 minutes
  13. Turn off the oven and leave the biscuits there. After about 15 minutes, flip all the biscuits over, so that you make sure they dry out on both sides. I usually leave the biscuits in the oven overnight to dry out properly
  14. Will stay fresh for 2 weeks if stored in an airtight container
Emma can smell peanut butter cookies

I have already sent my brother to start the staring contest…
Soon I will have cookies!

Tips

  • Type of flour: I use any flour that I have available at home. I usually have whole-wheat/brown bread flour available. I always try to buy less processed, more natural type flours that have very few or no preservatives and extra gunk added.
  • Applesauce: We cannot buy applesauce in South Africa. I usually just put a large sweet apple in the blender with 1 – 2 tablespoons of water. When I don’t have apples available, I use pears or bananas.
  • Peanut butter: Depending on what I have available, I either just make my own peanut butter or I use shop bought peanut butter. Check the ingredient list of peanut butter – many of the commercial brands add extra oil (even worse – palm oil), salt and more rubbish. You can use any type of nut/nut butter.
    I once tried to make an oil free batch. I replaced the nut butter with a batch of homemade chickpea “hummus”. It was okay, but my dogs prefer the peanut butter versions.
  • I have a very sweet tooth so I usually make the biscuits slightly sweet. Again, I use what I have available, molasses, agave/maple/barley malt syrup. I don’t usually add sugar (in powder form), it is usually some form of syrup.
  • I love it when you watch all the foodie shows on TV and the baker takes a little bit of flour and very evenly and skilfully ‘dusts’ their work surface with flour. This hardly ever looks that good when I do it. I usually end up with blobs of flour on the counter and when I try to distribute it more evenly, I just make the situation worse….
    I got myself one of those nifty hand-mug sifters (see picture – not sure what it is called). All I do is put a bit of flour in the sifter and then use it to ‘dust’ the counter with flour. I mess less, waste less flour and distribute the flour a lot more evenly on the counter… and I get to use my new kitchen gadget.

    Nifty sifter gadget

    Nifty sifter gadget

  • I do have cookie cutters available to make all kinds of interesting shapes, but I just cut the cookies into blocks. It is much quicker to do and I have not had any complaints about the shape thus far 😀

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Virtual vegan potluck: Ooey gooey chocolate pudding cake

May 11, 2013

I am very excited to be part of the VVP again this year.

The virtual vegan potluck homeIt is great to see the same faces from last time and also a whole lot of new ones.  It is great to be part of this community.

This time, I am thought I’d bring you one of my favourite cake/puddings that I managed to veganise after a number of attempts.  My approach to any food preparation is that it should be easy, use simple ingredients that everyone will recognise and of course, 100% plant based.  Technically, it does not seem to be classified as a cake, because it is very moist, but it looks like a cake, so I do not think it should be called a pudding.  So I call it a pudding cake… or should it be a cake pudding…

I hope you saved some space for a bit more dessert, since there are so many great dishes to try.

Without further ado, here is my very ooey gooey chocolate pudding cake.

Chocolate cake

Chocolate cake

There are 3 parts to this dish:

  • Cake
  • Sauce
  • Topping

Ingredients

Cake

3 cups all-purpose flour *

2 cups sugar *

½ cup cacao powder *

2 teaspoons baking soda

1 tablespoon instant coffee (optional)

1 teaspoon salt

1 ¾ cups of plant based milk *

1 cup apple sauce *

¼ cup apple cider or white vinegar

1 tablespoon vanilla extract *

Sauce

¾ tin coconut milk (or if you want it to be richer, coconut cream)

1 teaspoon vanilla extract

½ cup of sugar *

Topping

¼ tin coconut milk (or cream that you used for the sauce)

2 x slabs (200g/7oz) of dark chocolate *

Instructions

Cake

  1. Preheat the oven to 180 °C/350 °F
  2. Lightly grease one 23cm/9” pan
  3. In a large bowl, whisk together the flour, sugar, cacao, coffee and salt.
    In a separate bowl, whisk together the milk, apple sauce, vinegar, vanilla and baking soda *.
  4. Pour the wet mixture into the dry mixture and whisk until just combined.  Do not overmix.
  5. Fill the prepared cake pan with the batter.

    Gooey chocolate cake batter

    Gooey chocolate cake batter

  6. Bake for 25 – 30 mins, or until a testing pin is inserted and comes out clean.  A few crumbs clinging to it, is not an issue.
  7. Leave the cake out to cool.
Cake baked,cooled and ready for the sauce

Cake baked, cooled and ready for the sauce

Sauce

  1. Cook all the ingredients together at a low heat until it has a caramel colour, stir continuously
  2. When the cake has cooled, pour the sauce over and let it stand so that it is all absorbed into the cake.

    Saucy cake soaking up all the good stuff

    Saucy cake soaking up all the good stuff

  3. Leave the cake out to cool.
Cooled cake, ready for the topping

Cooled cake, ready for the topping

Topping

  1. Melt ingredients together and pour over cooled cake.

    Cake topped with chocolate topping

    Cake topped with dark orange flavoured chocolate topping

  2. Garnish, if you feel like it.  I just added the cute little heart shaped sprinkles because I thought they looked cute.

Finally, help yourself to a large slice of the cake for just being such a fabulous and compassionate person.  Repeat last step multiple times (I sure will do :D).

slice“Cake is happiness! If you know the way of the cake, you know the way of happiness! If you have a cake in front of you, you should not look any further for joy!” – C. JoyBell C.

Enjoy!

*Notes

  • Flour for cake – you can use plain all-purpose flour.  I use whole-wheat flour that I have available at home.
  • Sugar – the amount of sugar to use is a personal preference.  I usually reduce the sugar used in the recipe by about 25%, but Mr SpinachRevolution prefers it sweeter.  The recipe is based on the sweeter version that he has assured me is the better version.  I use raw organic brown sugar.
  • Cacao powder – I use raw organic cacao powder.  You can also use unsweetened cocoa powder.
  • Milk – I use soy milk, but oat, rice or almond milk will work equally well.
  • Apple sauce – we do not have this available in South Africa so I blend a large apple with 2 tablespoons of water in a blender until smooth.  Easy peasy.
  • Vanilla extract – you can also use almond extract.
  • I have read a blog some time ago where the person suggested that the baking soda should be mixed with the wet ingredients instead of the dry, and it will eliminate the potential flavour of baking soda.  I am not sure if it is true, but hey, it is easy enough to do.
  • Dark chocolate – I have used variations with great success.  For this cake, I used an organic orange flavoured chocolate.  It has tiny bits of orange rind in it and also flavoured with orange oil.
  • Whole nut chocolate, e.g. with hazel nuts is always a winner too.

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Virtual vegan potluck: Good ol’ home baked sourdough bread

October 31, 2012

The virtual vegan potluck home

Welcome y’all to my bread dish as part of this fantastic virtual potluck.  Today we are having an fig and walnut wholewheat/rye sourdough bread… mmmm

“All sorrows are less with bread.”
Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish author. (1547-1616)

I love baking sourdough breads.  The primary fermentation and secondary fermentation (resting/proofing) takes a bit of time, but the actual effort is minimal (about 15 minutes) and the end result is really worth it.

The flavour of the bread is so good, you can actually have it without any topping or spread because the bread actually tastes great.

The basic recipe below is the base for a sourdough loaf. Ingredients change according to the type of the bread, the mixing and fermentation are pretty much the same in all the breads and the last stage may change according to the size of the loaf.

Utensils

  • A pot with a lid (that can be used in the oven). A cast iron pot works well, a ceramic pot will also work – it must be suitable for oven baking at high temperatures with a capacity of about 3 – 5 litres/100 – 170 fl oz.
  • Mixing bowl – preferably glass or stainless steel with a lid or plastic bag to cover. I usually just cover it with a plate.
  • Pastry scraper or spatula.
  • Basket/mould in the shape of the pot/colander.
  • Cotton cloth big enough to cover the dough when proofing/old napkin will do.
  • Tea cloth to cover the resting dough.

Professional and discerning bakers weigh their ingredients (including the water), this gives a more accurate and consistent result, but that seems like way too much effort, and the end result by using easier measurements seem to come out pretty darn well anyway. I will provide the ingredients in all measurements, so you can use the method you prefer.

The yeast referred to in the recipe is the sourdough starter, but you can also use instant yeast. If you are going to use instant yeast, try to find a brand that has as little preservatives and chemicals included. For the best results, I really recommend you get your own sourdough starter/wild yeast.

Ingredients (for basic loaf)

  • Water (Weight: 375g/13.5oz; Volume: 2 cups) – temperature about 20 °C – 24 °C/68 °F – 75 °F
  • Starter OR instant yeast (preferred choice – use starter – for starter – Weight: 70g/2.5oz Volume: ¼ cup)
    (for instant yeast – use ¼ tsp. instant yeast)
  • Flour (Weight: 470g/16.66 Volume: 4 cups) *See general notes about the flour
  • Salt (Weight: 10g/0.35oz Volume: 2 tsp.) *See general notes about salt

Variations (optional ingredients)

Here are just some suggestions of additional ingredients that you can add to the bread, just to make it a bit more special (the measurements of the optional ingredients do not need to be precise (hey, it is not birth control 😉 ), it is according to your preference):

  • 2 – 3 grated carrots & 2 table spoons of caraway seeds
  • cup of chopped dates & cup of walnuts
  • 1/2 cup dried cranberries and 1/4 cup rosemary
  • cup of dried figs & cup of walnuts (for today’s potluck)
  • 1 – 2 bananas sliced & cup of pecan nuts
  • 1/2 cup – 1 cup mixed seeds (pumpkin, sunflower, flax)
  • 1/2 cup olives & 1/2 sundried tomatoes
  • 1/2 cup raisins (soaked in rooibos tea (redbush tea) or green tea)
  • panettone type ingredients, e.g. teaspoon of almond extract, 1/2 cup almond flakes, 1 tablespoon citrus zest, teaspoon of cinnamon, teaspoon of ginger, chopped dried fruits, replace some of the water for maple/agave syrup

If the optional ingredients are very moist, you can reduce the amount of water added to the batter or add additional 1 – 2 table spoons of flour to the mix.

Instructions

Before you start baking up a storm, please read all the notes first, just to make sure you understand the steps. You will only need to do this once, it is so easy, next time you can just mix up a batch in 5 minutes and then let time and nature do the rest.

1.  If you are making a sourdough loaf (using your wild yeast starter) you will need to first make sure your starter is active. Do this by feeding it and extend it according to instructions 6 – 12 hours before you need to use it. If you have not used your starter for a while, do this 2 – 3 times so that your starter is nice and active.

Before you start using the starter, remember to put some aside to keep your wild yeast starter going!

2.  Mixing the dough and bulk fermentation:

  1. Pour the water into the bowl, add the starter (or instant yeast) and mix well to incorporate.
  2. At this point, I add my variations (optional ingredients) to the mix. It helps to gauge the consistency of the dough.
  3. Add 2/3 of the flour and mix.
  4. Add salt and balance of flour, reserving about 2 tbsp.
  5. Once the dough is mixed well you can judge if you need the extra flour. If you do, add and mix again until no dry flour is visible. You should have a sticky, drop scone consistency. If it is too dry, add a bit more water.
  6. Cover the bowl and leave to bulk ferment at room temperature for 6 – 9 hours.
  7. If you want to retard the dough, you can leave it to ferment for 2 – 3 hours at room temperature, then place in the fridge for a further 6 – 12 hours.

3.  Forming and resting the dough:

  1. The dough is ready to shape once it looks nice and risen with a soft feel.
  2. If you have retarded the dough in the fridge, leave it at room temperature to warm up for about 3 – 4 hours.
  3. Dust your work surface with plenty of flour. Also dust your cloth or basket with flour (else your dough will stick to it… lesson learned :))
  4. Empty your dough gently onto the work surface, trying not to degas it too much.

    Dough after first fermentation is complete. Moved to floured surface to form the loaf.

  5. With your floured fingers and your scraper, pick up one end of the dough and stretch it over itself, repeat the same from the opposite side, then from the top and from the bottom.
  6. Sprinkle flour on the dough and make sure it is very well floured all round. (To reduce cleaning up, I roll the dough around on the work surface to pick up most of the excess flour.)

    Formed and floured dough, ready for 2nd phase proofing

  7. Move the dough onto the cloth with the “neat side” of the folded dough facing the cloth and the rough side facing up (the side will end up on the bottom of the pot.)

    Dough wrapped in floured napkin and in colander for for 2nd phase proofing/rising

  8. Let the dough rise for 1 1/2 – 2 hours until nice and plump (not quite double, more like 50% bigger). If you poke the dough, it should be quite elastic and the dent should ooze back to its original shape. This stage depends on the weather. If it is quite hot, reduce the time to 60 minutes.

    Dough after rising/proofing for 90 minutes (see difference in size from previous step)

  9. When you start this phase, set your timer for 90 minutes (this depends on the weather, it may be shorter, if very hot). After the initial time (60 – 90 minutes), place your pot and lid in the oven and turn the oven on to 230 °C – 250 °C/440 °F – 480 °F to heat up. You need about 30 minutes to get your oven and pot to the correct heat.

4.  Baking and cooling your loaf:

  1. When the oven and your pot is heated, and the dough is ready to be baked, take the pot out of the oven and empty the bread into the pot and cover with the hot lid.
  2. Give the pot a short shake to settle the loaf and return to the oven.
  3. Bake with the lid on for 35 minutes. (If your dough is slightly sticky/moist, you can leave it for another 5 minutes).
  4. Take the lid off and bake for a further 15 minutes to dry the crust and brown it.

    Bread after it has been baked – last 15 minutes with the lid removed

  5. Once you are happy with the colour of the crust, take it out of the oven, empty onto a cooling rack.
  6. The bread is ready when it sounds hollow if knocked on the base.
  7. Now for the hard part – the bread should br allowed to cool through before it is cut open, because the baking process continues while the steam escapes even though the loaf has been removed from the oven. This would be 2 – 3 hours mimimum.

    Voila! The final product. Lovely slices of fig and walnut whole wheat/ rye sourdough bread

Preparation notes:

  • Put starter aside before you start baking.
  • If you plan to use the starter in a day, leave it out to activate.
  • If you keep the starter in the refrigerator, take it out a couple of hours before replenishing it.
  • There is not much to do, but you need time to wait for the fermentation and rising of the dough. Plan accordingly.

General notes:

  • It is important to use good quality filtered water. You need to make sure that most/all of the chlorine is removed from the water. Spring water is also a great option.
  • Use the best quality ingredients you can find. Wherever possible, use organic.
  • Stone milled fresh flour is the best for nutrient and flavour rich bread. I mix the flours I use, my favourite combination is ½ rye flour and ½ whole wheat flour. You can also use wheat free flours, e.g. chickpea/rice flour, but for best results, try add at least ¼ whole wheat flour or rye flour.
  • Use flours without improvers and that have not been fortified.
  • Rye dough is more difficult to form and will be very sticky to work with, do the best you can, it is worth it.
  • Salt – the measurements are based on fine salt.  If you use rock salt, you may have to increase the measurement slightly.
  • Salt – try to use a good quality salt.  I use fine Himalayan crystal salt (pink salt), but depending on the bread variation you are using, you can add herb salt as well, e.g. sundried tomatoes and herb salt works really well.
  • If you are going to make a “sweeter” bread, e.g. banana pieces, raisins, etc.  you can reduce the salt to 1 teaspoon, but always add salt, it just enhances the flavour.
  • Add yeast separately from the salt. Salt inhibits yeast growth.
  • The dough should be well hydrated and somewhat wet. Depending on the flour you use, you may need to add more water. Do not stick to the measurements rigidly, adjust according to the feel of the dough. It must have a drop-scone consistency.
  • Altitude, humidity and temperature affect the time of fermentation.
  • Humidity affects the consistency of the dough.
  • Adjust the temperature of the water according to the weather – cold water in hot weather and warm water in cold weather.
  • The first fermentation takes the longest, it is the primary fermentation. This is when the bread develops texture and flavour.
  • It is important to ferment for at least 6 hours in around 20 °C – 24 °C/68 °F – 75 °F environment.
  • When in doubt, leave the dough longer during the first fermentation. However, over fermenting can result in a hard crust and poor colour.
  • You can slow the primary fermentation down by putting the dough in the refrigerator for some time – remember, the higher the temperature, the shorter the rising time.
  • If you slowed the primary fermentation process in the refrigerator, give it time to warm up a bit before shaping and baking the bread.
  • The second phase is usually referred to as resting, secondary fermentation or proofing.
  • In this phase, the bread may not always double in size.
  • When in doubt, rather proof for less time. Over proofing can result in a collapsed loaf with bad crumb structure and a hard crust.
  • If you are not sure how to judge the right time to put the bread in the oven, rather put the bread in the oven before it has risen too much. It will still grow in the oven.
  • Make sure that you use enough flour/bran so that the dough does not stick to the bread or proofing cloth.
  • Don’t over bake the bread. It will not keep as long, but will taste okay while fresh.
  • Try not to under bake the bread. It will not keep as long – it will go off in the centre and will have a sticky texture.
  • As hard as it is to do, never cut a hot loaf. It continues cooking while it cools. The larger and denser the loaf, the longer it will take to cool down.
  • If possible to wait that long, the bread will cut and taste better the next day.
  • It may take a couple of attempts before you start getting the bread just the way you like it. If in doubt, always go back to the written recipe and start over.
  • The fermentation times are guidelines – it takes a bit of time and experience to get it right.
  • When you add additional ingredients, the ingredients may absorb some moisture, e.g. if you add seeds and nuts.

Planning your time

  • I usually start the bread in the afternoon/evening before I bake it; leave it overnight for its initial fermentation. Form and bake it the next day.
  • In summer I start it in the morning and bake in the afternoon/evening.
  • A good rule of thumb is to work backwards from the time you want the bread to be ready, including the time it takes to cool down. Many breads can be baked a day before you need them, as a matter of fact, sourdough improves given a bit of maturing time.

I hope you enjoyed the dish and have saved some space for the next dish… Enjoy!

Let me know if you invent any other interesting variations.

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Sourdough bread starter

October 15, 2012

I attended a bread baking course some time ago and I have been baking bread regularly (once, maybe twice a week) since then.

I used to bake bread using instant yeast but now I use wild yeast.  The preparation process takes a bit longer, in time (not effort) but the end result and depth of flavour is definitely worth it.

This will be the first of a couple of posts.  I thought I’d start with documenting how to get a wild yeast starter started.

“When you have only two pennies left in the world, buy a loaf of bread with one, and a lily with the other.”
– Chinese proverb

Here is some information that I gathered about sourdough bread:

Sourdough bread is the outcome of a fermentation process that happens as a result of the activities of wild yeasts and other micro-organisms, transforming the mixture of flour and water from an unpalatable mass into a nourishing food that is easy to digest and packed with vitamins and minerals.

When making sourdough, a starter is added to the mixture of flour and water and to speed up the process and allows more control of the flavour and texture of the bread.

It is often the chemicals used in commercially baked bread that causes people to have wheat/gluten intolerance and when eating a more natural/whole type bread may reduce/eliminate many of the side effects of eating commercial breads.

The most common way of making bread is by using a fast fermentation process, using large amounts of commercial yeast together with flour, water and other additives to make bread that is not easily digested and goes stale or mouldy very fast. Yeast is used as a rising agent because time is not allowed for the natural fermentation process to take place.

Sourdough bread is made by using no commercial yeast at all; instead a small amount of pre-fermented starter, made of flour and water, is introduced into the dough.  The bread has a unique flavour due to the natural fermentation process.  The fermentation process releases enzymes crucial for our digestive system. (The fermentation process serves a similar purpose of soaking nuts prior to using them.)

The starter used in the bread is usually used and replenished from one baking to the next, each time feeding it with flour and water after each baking and then left to develop. It can be kept in the fridge and replenished at least once a week, to keep the starter active. It may seem like a lot of effort but the flavour improves if it is used and replenished more often.

The sourdough starter likes a routine (and it makes it easier for you to remember as well), so even when not using it, it should be replenished anyway.  There are many fantastic resources available for suggestions of what to do with the sourdough starter.
(I will try veganise some of the recipes and post them – watch this space 😀 )

Making a sourdough starter

(If you are lucky enough to know someone that already has a starter, I suggest you beg, borrow or steal some from them, it certainly is much easier in this instant gratification society that we live in… it is torture waiting for 7 – 10 days before you can actually start using it the first time.)

Ingredients

  • ½ cup white or whole wheat unbleached flour (it seems like a good starter flour is flour that includes malted barley).  You can substitute for rye flour, if you do not want any wheat flour in the starter
  • ½ cup rye/spelt flour
  • 1 cup filtered water
  • 1 tbsp pineapple juice (fresh not sweetened)

Instructions

  1. Mix all together in a glass jar and set in a comfortably warm place for 24 – 48 hours, mixing it once or twice a day.
    Do not use a jar that seals to tightly, you need to allow the culture to breathe.
    You should see bubbles on top of the mixture and it should have a pleasant smell.
  2. After the initial stage of 24 – 48 hours, add ½ cup water and ½ cup flour (could be rye flour, if you want a rye only starter).
    Mix well and leave for a further 24 hours.
    At this stage, you should see some rising and bubbles and the smell should be slightly sour but pleasant.
  3. Repeat the feeding (½ cup water and ½ cup flour).
    Leave for a further 24 hours.
  4. Discard half of the mixture and add 1 cup water and 1 cup flour.
    Mix and leave again for 24 hours.
    It should rice nicely during this time and be ready for use.
    If the starter is not rising, repeat step 4 again.
  5. Put the starter in a bigger jar (up to 4 times its size) and mark the level of the starter in the jar after mixing (this is a handy tip to see how much it has risen).
    The starter should rise at least double before using it.
  6. Feed the starter one more time before baking with it, just to ensure that it is active.

Notes:

  • Just to get into the lingo – When the starter is growing, it is called a ‘culture’. Only once it is stable and mature enough to bake with, is it referred to as a ‘starter’.
  • It is important to use good quality filtered water.  You need to make sure that most/all of the chlorine is removed from the water.  Spring water is also a great option.
  • Use the best quality ingredients you can find. Wherever possible, use organic.
  • Stone milled fresh flour is the best for nutrient and flavour rich bread.
  • Use flours without improvers and that have not been fortified.
  • The temperature of the room, jar, water will have an impact on the dough.  If it is too cold, it will not be very active. If it is very cold, use slightly warmed water (not too hot, you do not want to kill the starter).
  • Rule: cold weather takes a bit longer, hotter weather shortens the rising time.
  • The tablespoon of juice is optional.  I have read a couple of sites and most of the people just stick to good quality water (with no chlorine).  One site, did not use water at all but only used unsweetened pineapple or orange juice.
  • A great idea I saw from another blogger is to make your own wheat flour to start with. Get wheat berries and put in blender/coffee grinder to produce starter flour (the wild yeast is on the grains and you just need to provide the right conditions to wake it up).
  • It does seem to be a common behaviour to name the starter.  Some cute names that I have encountered are Stinky, Monster, Seymor, Cousin It.

Replenishing the starter

  1. 1 Tbsp starter
  2. Add ¼ cup water and shake vigorously.
    The theory is that this will introduce oxygen (which promotes yeast reproduction) into the mixture.
  3. Add ½ cup flour and mix well (can be done with a metal spoon).

Starter notes:

  • If not using the starter daily, keep it in the fridge to slow down the process.
  • If the starter is acting a little sluggish, substitute whole rye flour for about 5% of the white flour, for one feeding. Rye flour is great for really getting fermentation going.
  • If you plan to use the starter in a day and you are keeping it in the fridge, leave it out to activate.
  • If you keep the starter in the refrigerator, take it out a couple of hours before replenishing it.
  • Remember to feed the starter regularly, even if you are not using it.  Replenish the starter at least twice a week to keep it active.
  • The starter should always smell pleasantly sour.
  • If the starter has a foul smell or develops any kind of mould, discard it and start again.
  • If the starter develops a crust on top, peel it off and use the centre to extend the starter.
  • If you are going away and have to leave the starter behind (as normal people would do, I hope) – make a double batch, mix it well, put it in the fridge.  To activate it again, take off the crust and use the centre of the starter to continue.
  • The starter can also be dried by mixing in some flour and rubbing it until you get bread crumb consistency, then dry on a tray and store in a clean sealed container in the freezer.

Additional resources

(These sites are not vegan, but you can get some great tips from them)

  • Raising a starter – Wild Yeast Blog – link
  • Maintaining a starter – Wild Yeast Blog – link
  • Maintaining a starter – link
  • Wild yeast sourdough starter – link
  • Sourdough for home baking – Wild yeast starter – link – you can buy many different starters from this site

What’s next?  I will post some very easy sourdough bread recipes soon.

Related posts

Basic sourdough bread recipe


Fun fruit creations

August 2, 2012

The Engine2 team ran a very fun contest a couple of weeks ago, where they encouraged people to create watermelon cakes.  I just loved how creative some people are.  I want to share some of my favourite creations with you.

 

 

 

I then found this fruit salad idea from a very entertaining blog: link

 

I am sure that anybody will be very happy to tuck into fruit when presented like this (if you ever needed a reason to eat more fruit).


8 Tips on Becoming Plant-Strong by Ann Esselstyn

June 10, 2012

This information was just too good not to share.

Here are some of her tips for becoming plant-strong.

“I am not a chef. I don’t peel anything and if it looks even a little bit complicated, I don’t make it. What we have found is that eating plant based WITHOUT OIL is delicious, easy and above all magical.
Follow 8 principles and you may well find yourself becoming PLANT PERFECT!

1. Eat oats (Old Fashioned) for breakfast, any way you can as oatmeal, as a cold cereal as we do with alternative milk and fruit or in waffles or pancakes or just put your cereal bowl with oats, banana and alternative milk and a table spoon of flax seed into your waffle iron and you have your oat breakfast in waffle form. There are delicious ways to use steel cut oats too. Oats help lower cholesterol and also reduce artery inflammation. Find the breakfast with oats you love then eat it EVERY DAY!

2. Eat GREENS especially leafy greens as well as all the symphony of rainbow colored vegetables. Cooked or raw vegetables are king! Make leafy greens like Kale, collards and Swiss chard the nest on which you put your food, mix greens into your food or pile greens on the side of your plate. Make kale sandwiches, mix greens into soup, cook kale, etc. cut in small pieces into pasta 4 minutes before it is done, then drain and you have a meal in one or mix a bunch of greens into pasta sauce and spread on your whole wheat, no oil pizza crust and top with vegetables of your choice. Never cheese.

3. Eat Beans and Lentils instead of meat and dairy. All lentils are delicious. Try red lentils in soup. They cook quickly and make the soup a nice colour. Put beans in salads.  Hummus made without tahini or oil has become our mayonnaise as a sandwich spread or dip for vegetables and crackers and even part of our favorite salad dressing. Our main party dish is brown rice and black beans piled high with chopped tomatoes, thawed frozen corn, chopped green onions, water chestnuts, chopped cilantro, chopped arugula/rocket, chopped peppers, etc. and topped with salsa, low sodium tamari or if you don’t have heart disease with guacamole. AVOID all the highly processed fake soy meats and any of the vegan cheeses, which have lots of oil in them.

4. Eat WHOLE Grains. Be sure that the word WHOLE is in front of wheat or rye in the ingredient list. If not then it is just white flour fancied up to sound impressive. Check also to be sure that there is no added oil in the bread.  Tortilla wraps are excellent and useful for everyday or parties. Fill them with your choice and then roll them up and bake them for 10 minutes in a 200°C/450°F oven. Delicious! Use whole wheat pastry flour or barley flour in baking instead of white flour.

5. Eliminate oil! Empty all oil, even virgin olive oil out of your cupboards then you CAN’T use it. Instead any liquid works. Vegetable broth (no sodium), water, wine, beer, orange juice, carrot juice, vinegar all work in stir -frying. Instead of oil in baking, use applesauce, baby food prunes, bananas.  Finding a salad dressing you love is a challenge at first but there are so many possibilities out there you will soon never miss the oil filled ones.

6. Drink WATER! You can’t go wrong with water. You can flavour it with a splash of orange or apple, etc. juice occasionally. Never drink juices! And absolutely never drink pop, with or without added sugar.

7. Avoid sugar and salt as much as possible. Save sugar for birthdays or special holiday treats. Instead put grapes in your freezer for an amazing sweet treat or freeze bananas or mangoes and blend them in a strong blender for delicious “ice creams”. Look at the labels for the amount of salt in a product. No added salt is ideal or aim for the salt content being equal to the calorie content. Instead of salt add vinegar, lemon juice, lime juice or hot sauces. You will lose your taste for salt before you know it.

8. Read Labels, especially the ingredients (see the post on how to read food labels for more info – link). You will be surprised that often proclaimed zero fat products have oil listed in the ingredients.  Governments allows anything under .5 grams of fat to be called FAT FREE.
Fill up with all the great plant based food. Life is GOOD!”

Thanks Ann for the great tips!


Chocolate brownie recipe

April 22, 2012

This is a very easy, recipe for wheat free brownies.  I added the additional macadamia nuts, but they can be excluded and then it will be fat-free as well.

It is really quick and easy to prepare and there are no strange/hard to find ingredients in this recipe.

It tastes like fudge.  The trick is not to tell people what the ingredients are (until they have tried it).

Ingredients

  • 1 can of chickpeas, drained and rinsed (you can also use black beans, adzuki beans or black-eyed peas)
  • 2 whole bananas (ripe – spotty skin)
  • ⅓ cup agave nectar
  • ¼ cup unsweetened cocoa (I use raw organic cacao)
  • 1 tbsp cinnamon
  • 1 tsp vanilla extract
  • ¼ cup instant oats
  • ¼ tsp of Himalayan salt
  • ½ cup of macadamia nuts, chopped roughly

Instructions

  1. Pre-heat oven to 180°C/350°F.
  2. Grease a bread pan and set aside.
  3. Combine all ingredients, except oats (and nuts), in a food processor or blender and blend until smooth, scrapping sides as needed.
  4. Stir in the oats (and nuts) and pour batter into the pan.
  5. Bake approximately 30 minutes or until a toothpick inserted in the centre comes out clean.
  6. Allow to cool before slicing.

Tips

  • If you find these brownies are too soft or too fudge-y, add another ¼ cup oats before baking.
  • Once you have the basic recipe, you can start experimenting by adding additional ingredients e.g. 2-3 teaspoons of instant coffee, or cacao nibs.

This recipe has been adjusted (to my liking) from this recipe.